Pregnant women with edema are one of the common situations in the last trimester of pregnancy. The following preventive tips will help pregnant women more comfortable with this situation.

Causes pregnant women with leg edema?

Swelling, or edema, is caused by excess fluid build up in your body tissue. Often pregnant women will be prone to edema, especially in the ankles and feet, because moms are storing more water than usual. Changes in the chemical composition of blood also cause fluid to flow into moms’ tissue.

In addition, the developing uterus puts pressure on the pelvic and aortic veins. Pressure slows the circulation of blood from the legs, causing it to push blood from veins into the tissues of the feet and ankles.

Another important factor is that the disruption of female hormones during pregnancy also dilates the veins of the veins, contributes to circulatory stagnation, and makes the heart’s blood more difficult.

The cause of pregnant women’s legs may also be due to excessive salt intake, or a low – potassium diet (potassium helps maintain fluid and electrolytes in the body’s cells during pregnancy should the body also need to increase electrolytes to balance).

That is why many moms suffer from edema during the third trimester. The situation may be especially more serious for moms with amniotic fluid or those with twins. Pregnant moms will often be more tired at the end of the day and in the summer.

After the baby is born, the edema will quickly disappear as the body releases large amounts of fluid. Mom will often urinate and sweat a lot during the first days after birth.


Pregnant women with edema – Signs of danger

Swelling in the ankles and feet during pregnancy are common symptoms of pregnancy, and you may also experience slight swelling in your hands. Contact the doctor if moms notice any signs of pre-eclampsia

⇒ Swelling in the face

⇒ Swelling around the eyes

⇒ Swelling more than usual at hand

⇒ Swelling too much or too fast in the foot or ankle.

⇒ Press your finger on your ankle and lift it up to see the indentations of your fingers.

⇒ One leg is more bloated than the other

⇒ In particular, pain in the thigh: it is a sign of blood clots

Pregnant with edema: how to stop? 


Lie on mom’s left side so the uterus doesn’t insert into the aorta and pelvic veins.

Put mom’s feet up whenever possible. At work, place a chair or a stack of books under your desk.

Do not cross mom’s legs while sitting.

Stretch mom’s legs often while sitting

Take regular rest breaks, and change mom’s posture often when sitting. Avoid standing or sitting for a long time, making the blood flow to your legs greater than normal.

Wear comfortable shoes to fit mom’s feet that are suffering from edema.

Do not wear tight socks or stockings around mom’s ankles or calves.

Drink enough water. Amazingly, this will help mom’s body build up less fluid. Try to drink about 2 liters of water or other nutritious drinks every day. (Mom drinks enough fluids when mom’s urine is light yellow or clear.) Corn can be boiled with a few cups of water and used to drink daily. However, do not drink more than necessary, mom will cause overload for the kidneys, disrupt the electrolytes in the blood because their concentration is diluted by excess water.

Exercise regularly. Activities like walking, swimming, yoga are good options. Every day, mom should practice more exercises lying on the cushion or floor, slowly raising each leg up high, then lowering to change legs.

Eat a healthy diet, eat a variety of foods high in protein such as beans, dairy products, eat lots of green vegetables like cabbage, vegetables, and fruits and fruits. Encourage eating foods rich in vitamins, calcium, and zinc. Limit eat junk food. Do not eat a lot of salt.

If mom is deficient, add potassium to mom’s diet. Some potassium-rich dishes such as fruits, green vegetables, chicken, red meat, fish, milk, yogurt, soy products, nuts, baked sweet potatoes with skin, spinach, dried apricots, orange juice, watermelon, etc. Signs to help identify potassium deficiency: pregnant women with chronic vomiting (or diarrhea), tired body, or cramps, constipation, and abnormal heart rhythm. It is best to see the doctor for timely diagnosis and treatment.

Soak mom’s feet for 10-15 minutes in warm water daily, is also a great way to help mom’s feet relax, potentially reducing swelling.

Massage mom’s feet gently.


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